As electric vehicles (EVs) grow in popularity, one of the most common questions potential buyers and new owners ask is, “How long does it take to charge an electric vehicle?” The answer, as you might expect, varies.
Several factors come into play when determining EV charging time, including the type of charger, the vehicle’s battery capacity, and the vehicle’s maximum charging rate. Let’s delve deeper into this electrifying topic.
Understanding Charging Levels
In order to comprehend the charging duration of an electric vehicle, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with the various options available for charging an electric car.
Level 1 Chargers
Often referred to as the “trickle chargers,” Level 1 chargers are the basic chargers that usually come with your EV. These chargers can be plugged into a standard household outlet, making them convenient for home use. However, they’re not the fastest option available.
So, how long does it take to charge an electric vehicle with a Level 1 charger? On average, they provide about two to five miles of range per hour of charging. So, if you’re wondering how long it takes to charge an electric vehicle using a Level 1 charger, the answer is quite a while! For a car with a 100-mile range, you’re looking at 20 to 50 hours to charge.
Level 2 Chargers
Stepping up the game, Level 2 chargers are the most common public chargers and are also popular for home installations. They require a dedicated 240V power source, like the ones used for large appliances in your home.
So, you’re probably asking: how long does it take to charge an electric vehicle with one of these chargers? A typical scenario with Level 2 charging can give you 10 to 60 miles of range per hour of charging. That means for the same 100-mile range car, you’re looking at roughly two to 10 hours to charge.
DC Fast Chargers
Now, if you’re in a hurry, DC fast charging is your best friend. These are the chargers often found at highway rest stops and are designed to get you back on the road quickly. They can fill up an EV’s battery to 80 percent in just 30 minutes. However, not all vehicles are compatible with DC fast chargers, and frequent fast charging can reduce the longevity of your battery over time.
Factors That Affect Charging Time
It’s not just the chargers that influence EV charging times. Several other factors come into play:
- Battery Capacity: Larger batteries take longer to fill up, just like a bigger gas tank takes longer to fill up.
- State of Charge: If your battery is almost empty, it’ll take longer to charge than if it’s half-full.
- Vehicle’s Maximum Charging Rate: Not all vehicles can accept the full power from fast chargers. Your vehicle’s maximum charging rate can limit charging speeds.
- Charging Station’s Power Output: Not all public charging stations, even if they’re the same type (like Level 2), deliver the same power. Some may be slower than others.
- Temperature: Batteries charge more efficiently at certain temperatures. If it’s too hot or too cold, charging can be slower.
How Long Does It Take to Get a Full Charge at a Charging Station?
Public charging stations vary in terms of their power output, and as mentioned, the time to charge also depends on your vehicle and its current state of charge. However, a general rule of thumb is:
- Level 1 Public Chargers: 20 to 50 hours to achieve a full charging
- Level 2 Public Chargers: Two to 10 hours for full charging
- DC Fast Charging Stations: As quick as 30 minutes for 80 percent charge
Install Your EV Charging Station Today!
So, how long does it take to charge an electric vehicle? As you can see, EV charging times can vary depending on the type of car you have, the size of the battery, and various other factors.
Having a home charger can drastically reduce your reliance on public chargers. Imagine waking up every day to a fully charged car, ready for your commute or adventure. If you’re in the Philadelphia area, consider reaching out to GEN3 Electric & HVAC for your home charging needs. As experienced EV home charger installers near Philadelphia, PA, they can help you select and install the perfect solution for your home.
Are you ready to make the switch and experience the convenience of home charging? Schedule your EV charging station installation with our electricians in Philadelphia, PA, today, and drive into a more sustainable future!